KIDNEY STONES IN A NUTSHELL: ARE YOU AT RISK?

You know that feeling when you’re going through the motions of your daily routine and then you feel a sudden rush of searing pain at your side and back, sa sobrang sakit, hindi ka makagalaw? What about that burning sensation kapag umiihi ka

You do? Baka kailangan mo nang magpa-check sa doctor mo; baka sakit sa bato na ‘yan.

In case you didn’t know, kidney stones are actually one of the oldest and most common problems of the urinary system. It’s caused by stone-like deposits – an outcome of high salt levels and other minerals in the urine sticking together – that form inside the kidneys, hence, the name. We’re sure that around this time, you’re probably wondering how it’s even possible for stones to form inside your kidneys.

Sakit sa bato!? Paano!?

Gaya ng nabanggit namin, ang kidney stones o sakit sa bato ay dulot ng mga deposit sa loob ng mga kidneys mo. Like the stones you see in a garden, they differ in size, with some as small as the period at the end of this sentence, and some others so large they can take up the whole kidney itself. Nagkakasakit sa bato ang isang tao kapag masyadong maraming mga minerals na naiipon sa’yong ihi.

When you’re not as hydrated as you should be, your pee becomes more concentrated with higher levels of certain minerals, making formation of stones more likely. Think of it this way: imagine sea salt; when seawater interacts with certain minerals, they get dissolved; if it evaporates, salt is formed. If there’s anything that this should say to you, it’s this: kulang na kulang ka sa tubig.

Paano ko malalaman kung mayro’n akong sakit sa bato? 

While kidney stones generally work the same way – mineral deposits start building up, they make their way to your urinary system, and cause unbearable pain – the symptoms differ according to sex. For men, it’s usually pain coming from the back, side, or the groin; for women, it’s pain starting as a dull ache that can quickly escalate to severe cramps or sharp, wincing pain. While it manifests itself differently for both sexes, the source of the pain is the same: kung hindi sa likod, sa tagiliran. 

Kidney stones can actually either pass in your urine or stay in your kidneys, which means you can actually leave it alone, but there may be a time when a stone gets lodged in less-than-convenient places like your ureter. Dito ay maaari kang makaramdam ng sakit o kaya ay haharangin nito ang daloy ng iyong ihi kung malalaki ang mga bato. You need to keep in mind that any form of blockage in urine flow requires immediate medical attention, so if you feel that there’s something blocking your pee from being excreted, you need to go to a doctor, fast. 

Keep in mind, however, that signs and symptoms aren’t just limited to debilitating pain; you also need to watch out for the following:

  • Pink/red/brown na ihi
  • Malapot o mapanghing ihi 
  • Kung pabalik-balik ka sa banyo para umihi pero konti lang ang nailalabas mo
  • Pagkahilo at pagsusuka
  • Lagnat at panginginig (kapag may impeksyon)

Posible ba akong magka-sakit sa bato?

Kahit sino ay pwedeng magkaro’n ng sakit sa bato; it’s really a variety of factors that could quite possibly make it only a matter of time before any manifestation presents itself. Diet, medical conditions such as obesity, and family history can definitely put you at a higher risk of developing kidney stones. But if you’re constantly dehydrated and not doing anything about it, then that you’re clearly setting yourself up; sadya man o hindi, responsibilidad mo na ‘yan.

As any form of blockage in the urinary tract is a serious matter, it’s essential that you go to your doctor the moment that you feel any signs and symptoms that cause you to worry, especially if you’re experiencing the following: 

  • Matinding pananakit na hindi maibsan
  • Pananakit na may kasamang pagkahilo at pagsuka 
  • Pananakit na may kasamang lagnat 
  • Dugo sa iyong ihi
  • Hirap sa pag-ihi

Kumpirmadong may sakit ako sa bato; ano’ng pwede kong gawin?

The good news is that kidney stones can be prevented and it’s much easier than you would think. It doesn’t exactly require taking medication (unless there’s an infection present); it means having to make certain adjustments:

  1. Uminom nang marami

Water dilutes the substances in the urine that lead to the formation of stones. Drink enough to excrete 2 liters of urine a day. It could also help to include certain citrus drinks like orange juice as the components in these beverages helps block stone formation. 

  1. Damihan ang pagkaing may calcium

Consuming foods that are rich in calcium helps lower the concentration of minerals in the urine, lessening the possibilities of these binding together, leading to a decreased risk of developing kidney stones. 

  1. Bawas-bawas ng maaalat

High-sodium diets can normally trigger kidney stones due to the increase in the amount of calcium it causes. If you’re prone to stone, then you’re highly encouraged to go low on your salt intake, especially if this has contributed to previous episodes. Not only will this keep you from developing stones, it also has benefits for both your heart and your blood pressure. 

  1. Bantayan ang protina

Animal protein, that is. Red meat, chicken, eggs, and seafood can boost your uric acid levels, which could then lead to kidney stones, If you have a tendency to form stones, then you need to limit your daily meat intake to an amount no bigger than a pack of playing cards, which, by the way, is also a serving portion good for your heart. 

  1. Iwasan ang mga delata at fast-food

If there’s anything that tops the list of foods you need to avoid, it’s your de lata guilty pleasure like corned beef and luncheon meat. Your favorite meal from your beloved fast food joint is no exception, either. While they taste really good and are fast craving fixes, these have ridiculously high salt levels, something that you’ll need to limit especially if you’ve had previous bouts with kidney stones. 

So, now what?

Just like with any disease, prevention is always better than cure; in fact, prevention is the best cure. Unlike most kidney diseases, kidney stones can be prevented; it’s you making that choice and putting in the conscious effort that will make a huge difference. And it’s also that choice that can take you further away from the possibility of your condition turning for the worst, which can mean chronic renal failure, requiring you to undergo dialysis treatments which can be very costly. Ngunit kung lumala na ang sitwasyon mo at masama na ang lagay ng mga kidneys mo, wala kang dapat ikabahala; MedLine Dialysis Center, the Philippines’ first and fastest growing dialysis center franchise, has branches set up at strategic locations in order to bring quality and affordable dialysis treatments closer to you, providing Malasakit na Tunay to every Filipino dialysis patient in need.

SOURCES:
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/kidney-stones/symptoms-causes/syc-20355755
https://www.healthline.com/health/symptoms-of-kidney-stones#back-belly-or-side-pain
https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/5-steps-for-preventing-kidney-stones-201310046721
https://www.health.com/condition/kidney-disease/kidney-stone-symptoms-treatment-passing-removal?slide=95f4cec2-2997-436b-97ef-40edcb438569#95f4cec2-2997-436b-97ef-40edcb438569
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/kidney-stone-diet#what-is-a-kidney-stone

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