5 STAGES OF KIDNEY FAILURE: CAN DIALYSIS SAVE MY LIFE?

So, this is it. After all you’ve done to try to keep from getting to this point, dito pa rin humantong. All the things you need to do to keep this from happening – lifestyle changes, regular trips to the doctor, kahit ‘yung mga pagkaing kinakain mo – you’re here now. 

Kaibigan, may Kidney Failure ka na. 

Pero ano nga ba ‘yang kidney failure na ‘yan?? Paano ako humantong sa puntong ito? We’re sure that right now, you’re asking yourself questions like these; after all, you have absolutely no idea how it happened, when it happened, and to a certain extent, why it happened. Pero bago ang lahat, sagutin muna natin ang pinakamalaking tanong sa isip mo ngayon: ano nga ba ang kidney failure?

Kidney Failure? Ano ‘yun!?

Kidney Failure, or Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) is the permanent loss of kidney function. Sa madaling sabi, kung dati ay malaki lang ang tama ng mga kidneys mo, ngayon, masyado nang malala at hindi na ito mabibigyan ng agarang lunas. The most common factors that cause CRF are:

  • High blood pressure (mataas ang presyon)
  • Kidney damage (pinsala sa bato)
  • Diabetes
  • Polycystic kidney disease (pagkakaroon ng mga cyst sa bato)
  • Blocked urinary tract (baradong urinary tract)
  • Kidney infection (impeksyon sa bato))

In most cases, kidney failure is caused by other health issues that have done permanent damage to your kidneys little by little over time, something that only becomes noticeable as your condition becomes worse. Ibig sabihin nito ay napabayaan mo na pala ang paglala ng mga sakit na ito nang hindi mo namamalayan. 

Not an Overnight Thing

You probably didn’t notice your kidney disease getting worse overtime; that’s because there are 5 stages a kidney patient goes through before reaching the point of no return. These stages show a decrease in the protein levels found in your urine, measured according to your Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR). These stages are as follows:

STAGEGFR LevelPOTENTIAL SYMPTOMS
190 or moreFew symptoms in Stage 1 and 2.
260 to 90Few symptoms in Stage 1 and 2.
330 to 59Anemia and/or early bone disease; increased fatigue may be a sign
415 to 30Previous symptoms may worsen
5Less than 15Fatigue, decreased appetite, and nausea, possible problems with fluid retention

Habang pababa nang pababa ang antas ng kidney function mo ayon sa GFR levels mo, palala nang palala ang sakit mo. If your GFR levels reach stage 5, it means that your kidneys are now officially failing. 

Siguro naman may mga sintomas itong kidney failure, ‘no??

Just like any disease, kidney failure has signs and symptoms which show that your kidneys are starting to fail. Kung nararanasan mo ang mga sintomas na ito, then most likely you’re already on the way to kidney failure:

  • Itching (pangangati)
  • Muscle cramps (lamig sa katawan)
  • Nausea and vomiting (pagkahilo at pagsusuka)
  • Loss of appetite (kawalan ng gana kumain)
  • Swelling in your feet and ankles (pamamaga ng paa at bukong-bukong)
  • Too much urine or not enough urine (sobrang dami o sobrang kaunting ihi)
  • Trouble catching your breath (pagkakapos sa hininga)
  • Trouble sleeping (pagkahirap sa pagtulog)

If your kidneys suddenly shut down (acute kidney failure), then you might notice one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Abdominal pain (pananakit ng tiyan)
  • Back pain (pananakit ng likod)
  • Diarrhea (pagtatae)
  • Fever (lagnat)
  • Nose bleeds (pagdudugo ng ilong)
  • Rashes (pamamantal)
  • Vomiting (pagsusuka)

Sa oras na makaramdam ka ng kahit alin sa mga sintomas na ito, kumonsulta agad sa doktor; this may be a sign of serious kidney problems. 

May pag-asa pa ba akong gumaling?

The truth about kidney failure is that even though it can be treated, there’s no way to cure it; once your doctor tells you that you have it, you’re going to be presented with limited options because at this point, nothing much can be done. The silver lining here, however, is that something can still be done to improve your quality of life even at this point. You have two choices: either you undergo a kidney transplant, or you undergo dialysis

Dialysis? Parang naririnig-rinig ko na ‘yan, ah. Matutulungan ba ako n’yan?

Doctors often recommend dialysis to patients suffering from kidney failure like you because tests would have shown by then that your kidneys have shut down completely. But this is no reason for you to fret because while dialysis can’t cure kidney failure, it can definitely help you as it becomes their way to filter waste from your bloodstream. Kung end-stage kidney failure na ang sakit mo, habambuhay mo nang kakailanganing mag-dialysis. But the most important part is this: makakatulong ito sa’yo

There are 2 types of dialysis: peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. In the Philippines, the most common form would be the latter. A machine is used to remove wastes from your blood. In order to get your blood into the machine, the doctor will need to make an entrance into your blood vessels via surgery either to your arm or leg. Usually, the length of time needed for dialysis depends on the following factors:

  • How well your kidneys work (kondisyon ng mga bato mo)
  • How much fluid weight you gain between treatments (gaano karaming fluid weight and nadadagdag sa timbang mo)
  • How much waste is in your body (dami ng dumi sa loob ng katawan mo)
  • How big you are (gaano kalaki ang pangangatawan mo)
  • Type of artificial kidney used (klase ng ginamit na artificial kidney)

Hemodialysis treatment usually lasts about four hours and is done two to three times every week. 

Saan mayro’ng malapit na dialysis center? Baka naman mahal ‘yan, ah. 

We understand your apprehensions if you’re considering getting a dialysis treatment because when you hear about it for the first time, pakiramdam mo napaka-out of reach na treatment nito. The good news is that you don’t have to worry about these things because MedLine Dialysis Center, the country’s very first and fastest-growing dialysis center franchise, has branches set up at strategic locations para hindi mo na kailangang lumuwas ng ibang lugar para lang makapagpa-dialysis. Hindi mo na rin kailangang alalahanin ang gagastusin dahil quality at affordable ang hatid nilang treatment para sa’yo, patunay lang na nilalayon nilang magbigay ng Malasakit na Tunay sa bawat mamamayang nangangailangan ng tulong

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